Sunday, April 6, 2014

Live Long and Prosper Newsletter #4

This newsletter was compiled from the latest research on health and longevity, by David Donohue, MD, FACP. 

Nutrition
1.   Relationship of sedentary behavior and physical activity to incident cardiovascular disease: results from the Women's Health Initiative.
   Women who sit over 10 hours per day have 18% higher risk of cardiovascular disease relative to those who sit less than 5 hours.
August 15, 2013

2.   Morbidity prior to a diagnosis of sleep-disordered breathing: a controlled national study.
   Sleep apnea is thought to make us sick in many ways. This study found that people with sleep apnea had more health problems, from head to toe, for 3 years prior to their diagnosis. Is this because undiagnosed sleep apnea was eating away at their health for years before anyone knew? Or whatever causes sleep apnea (especially overweight) is also causing other problems. Unclear from this study.
August 16, 2013


Exercise
1.   Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise training in primary and secondary coronary prevention.
   If you have coronary artery disease, you should go for cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training program. You will probably live longer.
August 14, 2013

2.   Healthy lifestyle behaviors and decreased risk of mortality in a large prospective study of U.S. women and men.
   Very large 13 years study, following over 2 million person years of Americans' lives. Findings are compelling. Achieving any of these key health goals reduces your mortality significantly. * abdominal leanness (waist under 34 inches in women or 40 inches in men) * nonsmoking * regular exercise (60 minutes vigorous/week or 150 minutes moderate) * Mediterranean diet People who achieved all 4, had a whopping 73% of reduction of their mortality relative to those who achieved none.
August 15, 2013

Lifestyle
1.   Consequences of Nocturia.
   Get up to pee at night? We have a word for you people: nocturic. It is a significant source of sleep problems and other health problems. Frequent nighttime awakenings in general can be a sign of SLEEP APNEA, a common, underdiagnosed problem that very much affects quality and quantity of life.
August 12, 2013

2.   Vegetarian dietary patterns and mortality in adventist health study 2.
   73,000 7th Day Adventists followed for 5 years: Pescatarians had the lowest mortality rate. "The adjusted HR for all-cause mortality in vegans was 0.85 (95% CI, 0.73-1.01); in lacto-ovo-vegetarians, 0.91 (95% CI, 0.82-1.00); in pesco-vegetarians, 0.81 (95% CI, 0.69-0.94); and in semi-vegetarians, 0.92 (95% CI, 0.75-1.13) compared with nonvegetarians"
August 12, 2013

Prevention
1.   Mediterranean diet and glycaemic load in relation to incidence of type 2 diabetes: results from the Greek cohort of the population-based European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
   This big Greek study observed 22,000 people for 11 years and found that a Mediterranean diet (low starch and sugar and meat and dairy, high legumes, vegetables, olive oil, fish) reduced diabetes by a whopping 12%.
October 31, 2013

2.   Multivitamin and mineral use and breast cancer mortality in older women with invasive breast cancer in the women’s health initiative
   Women who took a multivitamin with mineral for about 7 years experienced a 24% reduction in their risk of death from breast cancer during that period, after controlling for confounding variables. This is the first study I have seen in along while attesting to the merits of multivitamin. Just because a multivitamin reduced deaths from breast cancer in 1 observational study, does not mean it will make you live longer.
October 8, 2013

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