Eating nuts (mostly walnuts and almonds) reduced mortality by 39%. This confirms other trials attesting to the life-extending properties of nuts (in moderation). I have often wondered how much of a favor we are doing our children by aggressively branding them lifelong nut-allergics.
"CONCLUSIONS: An intensive lifestyle intervention focusing on weight loss did not reduce the rate of cardiovascular events in overweight or obese adults with type 2 diabetes." This large study was stopped early because they failed to reduce heart attacks, strokes, and the like. What was the intervention? Low calorie diet and exercise. Why did they fail, when so many other studies have shown a positive benefit? We could argue that by focusing on calorie counting they did not stress enough the importance of switching to entirely different classes of foods. Look for example at the recent large prospective trial on the Mediterranean Diet, which did just that. This trial had to be halted early because it showed so much benefit (in reducing these same cardiovascular events) than this trial. That is instead of advising 'Eat only half a sandwich for lunch', we should instead advise 'Eat a large salad with nuts and other whole foods at lunch and stop eating sandwiches and other highly refined western foods'.
Want to rejuvenate? Hormones don't seem to work much. Vitamin D or sunlight might help, and perhaps testosterone in men who are deficient. From the scientific literature, your best bets are exercise, sunlight, a plant-based diet, protein. And let's see what materializes with resveratrol.
In veterans with elevated blood lipids or cholesterol, the combination of a statin (like pravastatin or simvastatin) plus physical exercise achieved the greatest reduction in mortality (70% reduction over 10 years). Either a statin or exercise alone also reduced mortality, but not as much as the combination.
The more adverse childhood experiences you have, the greater the shorter the lifespan on average. Maybe the helicopter moms have a point. The Longevity Project similarly found childhood divorce had an impact on the child's lifespan.
Physical activity or many kinds correlated with lower death rate. "We found lower mortality with participation in sports (for women, mortality rate ratio = 0.75, 95% confidence interval = 0.69-0.81; for men, 0.78, 0.73-0.84), cycling (for women, 0.77, 0.71-0.84; for men, 0.90, 0.84-0.96), or gardening (for women, 0.84, 0.78-0.91; for men, 0.73, 0.68-0.79) and in men participating in do-it-yourself activity (0.77, 0.71-0.84)"
Swedish massage 10-15 min, 3 times a week for 10 sessions experienced lowered blood pressure. Those receiving massage continued to have blood pressures lower by 11/5 points, 72 hours after the massage.